learning disability

Characteristics of Learning Disabled

Characteristics of Learning Disabled Children

BY ASCENTWEB · PUBLISHED 03/03/2018 · UPDATED 14/03/2018

Dr. Hawking once said, “I want to show that people need not be limited by physical handicaps as long as they are not disabled in spirit.”

The following characteristics of learning disabled children are frequently mentioned. Ability Level Average, near average, above average academic ability Activity level

  • Hyperactive – Those who constantly engaged in motor activity, restless tapping of foot or jumping out of seat.
  • Perseveration – usually attention is fixed upon a single task which is repeated over and over.

Attention problems

  • Short attention span – Easily distracted by irrelevant stimuli.
  • Perseveration – Usually attention is fixed upon a single task which is repeated over and over.

Motor problems

  • Visual discrimination – Inability to distinguish between visual
  • Visual closure – The affected person cannot fill in missing parts when only part of a word or object is seen.
  • Visual memory – Difficulty in remembering.

Auditory perceptual problems (1)     Auditory discrimination – Inability to distinguish between sounds. The child may not be able to sense environmental sounds such as foot steps, and may not react to loud voice. (2)     Auditory comprehension – The affected child fails to get meanings from the spoken word and/or environmental sounds. Language problem

  • Speech development – Delayed or slow development of speech articulation.
  • Formulation and Syntax – Inability to organize words to phrases, clauses or sentences which follow Standard English grammar.

Work habits The child organizes work poorly and frequently confuse directions or rush through work carelessly. Social – Emotional behaviour problems

  • Impulsive – The child fails to think about the consequences of behaviours.
  • Adjustment to change is usually slow.
  • There is variation in the mood from time to time.

Orientation problems

  • Spatial organization – Poorly developed concept of space, troubles in judging distance and size and difficulty in discriminating parts from the whole.
  • Temporal concepts – This is frequently associated with disorientation in time, having or experiencing trouble relating concepts such as before and after, now and then, etc.

Academic disabilities This characterized by having problems in reading, arithmetic, writing, and spelling. It must be understood that every learning disabled child does not manifest all of these characteristics but rather a unique combination of such traits, and that any learning problems can be rectified with correct treatment.

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