Discovery Method of Teaching Science
Discovery MethodDiscovery method asserts that science should not be taught to a child but that he should be allowed to discover science. In discovery method, students are actively involve because they are the principal actors. “There are two types of inquiry. They are the guided inquiry and the unguided inquiry.”
Guided inquiry consists of an instructional mode which can be inductive or deduction in nature. When the general principles are given and the students are required to find the solution to the problem, this is the deductive approach. Similarly, when the general principle is not given but the solution-to use the principle in order to discover the scientific problem is given, the inquiry is inductive
Advantages of Discovery Method
- Discovery method, whether it is guided or unguided inquiry, equip the students with a means of gaining knowledge on his own through active participation.
- The method is students centered because it challenges students to find out information for himself.
- Students develop manipulative skill since they have direct contact with materials and apparatus.
- Through discovery method, students ‘retentive memory is increased.
- Discovery method encourages analytical though and promotes intuitive development.
Demerits of Discovery Method
- Discovery method is time consuming.
- The time allotted to science teaching in Nigerian schools is limited, hence discovery method cannot be used effectively in our schools.
- Since discovery method is students-centered, students are over-worked because they need to carry out all the science process skill. Like observing, classifying, experimenting, etc.
- Discovery method is expensive because it requires a lot of fund to buy the equipment and apparatus.