Meaning of Science
Sunday AdeniranScience is universally regarded as the organized study of natural phenomena. To a scientist science is an intellectual through which men seek to understand nature. To a teacher, science is an organized body of knowledge inform of concept, laws and theories. Science has the ability to satisfy the educational domains.
“Science could also be defined as an accumulated body of knowledge, a method of investigating natural phenomena and a way of thinking in an attempt to understand the universe.“
Critical analysis of the above definition of science shows that science has two facets: inductive and deductive science.
This view science as a critical and analytical activity in which concrete evidence proceeds a scientific generalization. According to this theory, science begins with observation. Facts obtained through observation often lead to generalization inform of laws, theories hypotheses e.t.c
This body views scientific enterprise as a speculative human activity which thrives best in an atmosphere of freedom of thought, creative imagination and intuition. Through scientific generalization astronomer could predict when an eclipse will occur.
Deductive and Inductive Science
A careful look at science shows that science is both deductive and inductive. Science is deductive in the sense that science consists mainly of formulating and testing of ideas in nature. Science is inductive in that very often we are not certain about the result we will get, our conclusions are always tentative and often open to debate.